While acne occurs predominantly in adolescents and young adults, it has no boundaries with age! As many as 52% of adults are affected by this skin condition. There can be many causes for acne. Often it is a combination of triggers that cause the noticeable signs of acne (blackheads & whiteheads known as comedones, pustules, and cysts). It can present on the face, back and chest.
In addition to the unsightliness of acne breakouts, the resulting pigmentation (referred to as post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation, or PIH) and all too often, acne scarring, can cause an emotional and psychological burden .
Adolescents are especially vulnerable to psychological repercussions. At a time when they are especially sensitive to their bodies and appearance, the changes in the skin can impact the quality of social life, self-esteem, and body image. The maladjustment in relationships can generate feelings of insecurity and inferiority when suffering from moderate to severe acne.
Treating acne is about learning to control the sebum production and inflammation, revitalizing the skin to improve texture and reduce pore size, and preventing acne scarring from occurring.
THE BENEFITS OF ACNE TREATMENTS
The treatment of acne is directed to controlling active outbreaks , preventing uneven skin discolorations or disfiguring scars and to reduce the psychological impact cause by acne.
Depending on the stage and severity of acne, a combination of skin therapy modalities might be appropriate.
These might include :
- Skin care regimen with medical-grade products
- Manual Extractions and deep cleansing
- Intralesional steroid injections of inflammatory cysts
- Medical-grade chemical peels
- IPL (intense-pulse light) treatments
- Laser Skin resurfacing
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM ACNE TREATMENTS
Acne treatments will be directed at the management of the causative factors. These may be hormonal, excess sebum production and inflammation, or follicular in nature. The goal is not only to arrest the active acne outbreaks, but to maintain the integrity of the skin. Exfoliating the dead skin cells helps to repair surface damage, tighten pores, and improve skin texture. Most of all, the prevention and treatment of acne scarring is paramount.
Diligent skin care routines and follow-up visits will ensure the best outcome.
The goal is to ultimately resolve acne all together and to improve the skin’s appearance. Sometimes a small curve of looking worse before looking better might be expected, especially when the acne is moderate to severe, with a combination of outbreaks and residual discolorations or scars. Depending on which products are used or which treatment is performed, mild irritation, peeling, flaking, or sensitive skin might result during the stages of recovery.