While acne occurs predominantly in adolescents and young adults, it has no boundaries with age! As many as 52% of adults are affected by this skin condition. Its causes can be many, and are often a combination of triggers that cause the noticeable signs of acne (blackheads & whiteheads known as comedones, pustules and cysts). It can present on the face, back and chest.
In addition to the unsightliness of acne breakouts, the resulting pigmentation (referred to as post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation, or PIH) and all too often, acne scarring, can cause an emotional and psychological burden .
Adolescents are especially vulnerable to psychological repercussions. At a time when they are especially sensitive to their bodies and appearance, the changes in the skin can impact the quality of social life , self-esteem and body image. The maladjustment in relationships can generate feelings of insecurity and inferiority when suffering from moderate to severe acne.
Treating acne is about learning to control the sebum production and inflammation, to revitalize the skin for improve texture and reduce pore size ,and to prevent acne scarring from occurring.
THE BENEFITS OF ACNE TREATMENTS
The treatment of acne is directed to controlling active outbreaks , preventing uneven skin discolorations or disfiguring scars and to reduce the psychological impact cause by acne.
Depending on the stage and severity of acne, a combination of skin therapy modalities might be appropriate. These might include :
- Skin care regimen with medical-grade products
- Manual Extractions and deep cleansing
- Intralesional steroid injections of inflammatory cysts
- Medical-grade chemical peels
- IPL (intense-pulse light) treatments
- Laser Skin resurfacing
WHAT TO EXPECT FROM ACNE TREATMENTS
Acne treatments will be directed to the management of the causative factors. These may be hormonal, excess sebum production and inflammation or follicular in nature. The goal is not only to arrest the active acne outbreaks , but to maintain the integrity of the skin by exfoliating the dead skin cells to help repair surface damage , tighten pores and improve skin texture. Most of all, the prevention or treatment of acne scarring is paramount.
Diligent skin care routines and follow-up visits will ensure the best outcome.
The goal is to ultimately resolve acne all together and to improve the skin’s appearance. Sometimes a small curve of looking worse before looking better might be expected , especially when the acne is moderate to severe with a combination of outbreaks and residual discolorations or scars. Depending on the products used and the treatments, mild irritations, peeling ,flaking or sensitive skin might result during the stages of treatments.